In recent years, Romania has become one of the strongest interests for foreign immigrants. Most immigrants are from China, the Republic of Moldova and Turkey. Prior to Romania’s entry into the EU, the number of immigrants was much lower, and most arrived from Iran, China, Egypt, Turkey, Syria, and Jordan. Most of these were men who wanted to start a business in Romania and study at universities across the country.
According to the statistics of 2017 in Romania, there were about 60,000 legal immigrants, most of whom were members of a Romanian family who came to the country to reunite their families. Another category of immigrants are those studying at schools in Romania. The biggest problem faced by immigrants in Romania is bureaucracy, as there is no information in an international language in authorized institutions.
However, despite increasing immigration to Romania, it is still difficult for non-EU citizens to find a way to live in Romania due to the numerous conditions they have to meet. For example, the visa application, which must be submitted to diplomatic missions from the Romanian consular offices abroad. This application must be accompanied by many documents justifying the purpose and conditions of the trip and the proof of sufficient means of subsistence during the stay in the country and for leaving the territory of Romania.
Types of visa:
Depending on the purposes for which they are granted, the visas for Romania may be:
- airport transit visa
- transit visa
- short stay visa
- long stay visa
- carrying out economic activities
- carrying out professional activities
- conducting business activities
- engaging in work
- family reunification
- religious or humanitarian activities
- scientific research activities
- Diplomatic visa and service visa
- other purposes
We will detail some of the most popular types of visas for those visiting Romania for various purposes:
Airport transit visa
The airport transit visa is mandatory for citizens of the states listed in annex no. 3 to the common consular instructions adopted by the decision of the Council of the European Union or on the basis of decisions of the Council of the European Union.
The same regime applies to foreigners who, without being nationals of these states, are in possession of a state border crossing document issued by the authorities of those States.
The transit visa is the visa that allows a foreigner to transit through Romania.
The transit visa may be issued for one, two or more transit operations, with no transit time exceeding 5 days.
Short stay visa
- Short stay visa is a visa that allows foreigners to apply for entry to Romania for reasons other than immigration, for an uninterrupted stay or for more than 90 days, within 6 months of the date first entry. This type of visa can be issued with one or more entries. If the date of entry into Romania cannot be established on the basis of the allegations in the alien’s travel document.
- In the case of foreigners who travel frequently to Romania for business-cooperation relations, at the request of central administrative authorities or commercial companies with high economic and financial capacity, the short-stay visa with multiple entries can be granted for a period of one year, and exceptionally for up to 5 years. And in these situations, the length of stay can not exceed 90 days within 6 months.
- The short-stay visa in Romania is granted for the following purposes:
- mission – to foreigners who, for reasons of their political, administrative or public utility function, must travel to Romania. This type of visa is issued to foreigners who perform positions in governments, public administrations or international organizations, as well as those who, for the purpose of their stay in Romania, are interested in the relations between the Romanian state and the state of appearance. This type of visa can also be released to the family members accompanying them
- tourism – for the foreigner who travels like this in Romania for tourist reasons;
- visit – for the foreigner who intends to visit Romania to visit Romanian or foreign citizens holding a valid residence permit;
- business – for a foreigner who intends to travel to Romania for economic or commercial purposes, for contracts or negotiations, for learning or checking the use and operation of goods purchased or sold under commercial and industrial cooperation contracts, as well as for the foreigner who is or is going to becomes associate or shareholder of a Romanian trading company;
- transport – for the foreigner who is to travel for short periods, in order to carry out some professional activities related to the transport of goods or persons;
- sports activities – for the foreigner to enter Romania for a limited duration in order to participate in sports competitions;
- cultural, scientific, humanitarian, short-term medical treatment or other activities that do not contravene Roman Laws – in the justification of the presence in Romania.
The right of residence on the territory of Romania, granted to the alien by short-stay visa, can not be extended.
Long stay visa
- Long-stay visas are granted to foreigners on request for a period of 90 days with one or more trips for the following purposes:
- Carrying out economic activities – to foreigners who are going to carry out economic activities independently or within-family associations, in accordance with the law on the organization and unfolding of economic activities by individuals;
- Carrying out professional activities – foreigners who have the right to exercise professions on the territory of Romania on the basis of special laws;
- Carrying out professional activities – to foreigners who are or will become shareholders or associates with the attributions of management and administration of some companies in Romania;
- Employment in the labor force – foreigners who are going to enter Romania to work. The visa issued for this purpose will also be issued to the athletes who are to develop within clubs or teams in Romania, on the basis of an individual labor contract or a civil convention under the terms of the law;
- Studies – foreigners who are going to enter Romania to take courses in pre-university, university education, as the case may be, or to obtain scientific titles in state or private institutions accredited according to the law;
- Reintegration of the family – foreigners to enter Romania in order to regain the family unit;
- Religious or humanitarian activities – foreigners who are going to enter Romania to carry out activities in the field of recognized cults, at their request or for humanitarian purposes;
- Scientific research activities – foreigners to enter Romania for carrying out scientific research activities;
- The long-stay visa allows foreigners entering the Romanian territory to apply for the extension of the temporary residence permit and to obtain a residence permit.
Diplomatic visa and service visa
- Diplomatic visas and service visas allow entry to Romania for a long-term stay of foreigners holding a diplomatic or service passport who are to fulfill an official position as members of a diplomatic representation or of a consular office of the state of affiliation in Romania.
- These types of visas are issued to holders of diplomatic or service passports or assimilated to them at the request of the sending State’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs or a diplomatic or consular representation thereof as well as to the family members with whom the holder resides and are valid during the mission or in accordance with the bilateral agreements to which Romania is a party.
- A collective visa is a transit or short-stay visa issued for tourist purposes and for a period not exceeding 30 days, issued to a group of foreigners made up before the request, provided that its members enter, remain and leave the territory of Romania in the group.
- This type of visa is issued for groups consisting of a minimum of 5 and a maximum of 50 people. The group manager must have an individual passport and, as the case may be, an individual visa.
- In the case of organized groups of pupils who are citizens of countries with a visa requirement and are residents of a Member State of the European Union who travel to Romania during school trips or are in transit, without a visa, if the following conditions are met cumulatively:
the group is accompanied by a teacher from the school that organizes the trip
there is an official list of participants after which they can be identified;
the participants are in possession of valid documents for crossing the state border.
The conditions for the granting of the Roman visa
- The Romanian visa may be granted to foreigners on request, under the conditions and for the purposes set forth in this chapter.
- The Romanian visa is granted only if:
- The conditions for entry to Romania are fulfilled.
- There is no reason to refuse entry into Romania.
- In the name of the stranger, the visa refusal alert was not introduced in the integrated information system on migration, asylum, and visas;
- No allegations of non-acceptance of entry by representatives of the Member States of the European Union, the European Economic Area and of the States Parties to the Agreement on the gradual abolition of checks at the common borders, signed in Schengen on 14 June 1985, further to the Schengen Agreement, in the context of consular cooperation;
- there is no reason to believe that the visa is being sought for the purpose of illegal migration.
- the foreigner has not been finally convicted of crimes committed abroad, incompatible with the purpose for which he is applying for the visa;
- the general conditions set out in this section and the special visa conditions are met in accordance with the purpose for which it is requested.
To request an online legal consultation, please fill out the FORM